Tuesday, 29 August 2023 00:00

Bunion Facts

Bunions are a common foot deformity that can affect both men and women, although they are more prevalent in women who wear narrow-toed shoes. This condition involves the displacement of the joint connecting the big toe and the first metatarsal bone, causing the joint to protrude on the inner side of the foot and the big toe to deviate toward the smaller toes. Several factors contribute to the development of bunions. Genetics may play a role, as there can be a family tendency for this deformity. Abnormal foot mechanics, such as overpronation, where the foot flattens excessively and turns outward during walking, can contribute to bunion formation. Wearing tight, high-heeled shoes can worsen the condition, leading to pain due to shoe pressure and altered weight distribution. Treatment options may include medication for pain relief, protective measures to reduce pressure on the area, and orthotic devices to correct abnormal gait and prevent further deformity. In cases where deformity is severe and conservative treatments are ineffective, surgical intervention may be necessary. If you have a bunion and it is causing discomfort, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist who can examine your foot and recommend the most suitable treatment plan.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of Summit Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Wilmington, Whiteville, and Wallace, NC . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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